kake: The word "菜單" (Chinese for "menu") in various shades of purple. (菜單)
[personal profile] kake

菇 (gū) is the Chinese character for mushroom. It doesn't cover all types of fungi — for example, wood ears/tree ears/black fungus would be 木耳 (mù ěr, literally "wood ear") — but it does cover a number of species that are commonly used in Chinese food.

Here are some types of mushrooms you might see on a menu:

香菇xiāng gūChinese black mushrooms (shiitake mushrooms, literally "fragrant mushrooms")
冬菇dōng gūanother name for the above (literally "winter mushrooms")
huā gūhigh-quality shiitake mushrooms (literally "flower mushrooms", referring to the crackled top pattern that appears on the good quality ones — photo)
北菇běi gūdried shiitake mushrooms
金菇jīn gūenoki mushrooms (literally "golden mushrooms")
金針菇jīn zhēn gūanother name for the above (針/zhēn, which means "needle/pin", refers to their shape)
樹菇chá shù gūtea tree mushrooms

And here are some dishes with 菇 in the name:

茶樹菇炒臘肉chá shù gū chǎo là ròustirfried tea tree mushrooms with Chinese ham
茶樹菇炒豬舌chá shù gū chǎo zhū shéstirfried tea tree mushrooms with pig's tongue
香菇雞飽仔xiāng gū jī bǎo zisteamed buns stuffed with chicken and shiitake mushrooms
臘味冬菇雞飯là wèi dōng gū jī fànrice with preserved meat, chicken, and shiitake mushrooms
香菇帶子腸粉xiāng gū dài zi cháng fěncheung fun with scallops and shiitake mushrooms
香菇雞絲粥xiāng gū jī sī zhǒucongee with shiitake mushrooms and shredded chicken
蠔油三菇háo yóu sān gūthree types of mushroom in oyster sauce

NB: this week's dish post will be up tomorrow rather than Friday, since I'm off to Glasgow for a long weekend and won't be taking my laptop.

菇: radical 140 (艸/艹) Cantodict MandarinTools YellowBridge Zhongwen

If you have any questions or corrections, please leave a comment (here's how) and let me know (or email me at kake@earth.li). See my introductory post to the Chinese menu project for what these posts are all about.

Date: 2010-11-04 09:00 am (UTC)
From: [identity profile] eatlovenoodles.blogspot.com
Just me, I thought I'd put in my twopenorth worth! I just wanted to add that the term for 'normal' mushrooms is mo gu (傘菌). And that another common 'ear-like' mushroom is snow fungus or xue er (雪耳).

Date: 2010-11-04 09:10 am (UTC)
From: [identity profile] eatlovenoodles.blogspot.com
God I'm crap at copy and paste - 蘑菰 are the characters for mo gu (mushroom).

Date: 2010-11-04 09:44 am (UTC)
From: [identity profile] eatlovenoodles.blogspot.com
There are two characters for 'gu' and when used in conjunction with mo, I understand that it is 蘑菰 but I'm not certain.

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